Archive for the ‘emotion’ Category

Meiosis-Fight Club

December 10, 2011 3 comments

Tapinosis is another similar term to meiosis.  An example of this device can be found in David Fincher’s 1999 film Fight Club.  This movie revolves around “two men” that come together, form an alliance, and make a place wheter them as well as otehr males can come together and fight and release their aggressions.  This movie is a very serious and thrilling movie.  The particular scene that exhibits tapinosis is in a speech that Tyler Durden (Brad Pitt) gives.  He delivers it outside while men, the men that he has recruited and that he has bought a house for, are digging holes into the backyard.  Durden says to them, “Listen up, maggots.  You are not special.  You are not a beautiful or unique snowflake.  You’re the same decaying organic matter as everything else.”  This is a very interesting juxtaposistion of decaying matter and the digging of the holes, which the dirt is full of this.  This speech exemplifies tapinosis because Durden is belittling these people by calling them maggots and saying that they are not special.  This is what one of the big devices of tapinosis is, the belittling of people.    This is a very serious statement to them because there is no joking tone to his tone.  These statements can also easily play on the emotions of these men that are digging.  It can do this because the degrading tone could get to them.

Fight Club. Dir. David Fincher. Perf. Brad Pitt. Fox, 1999. DVD. Also available:

Categories: emotion, film, meiosis

An Oldy but a Goody – Chleuasmos in the Film “Gone with the Wind”

December 10, 2011 3 comments

Ultimately, how could a project on the term chleuasmos close without offering its readers at least one peek at the workings of chleuasmos in a true classic of cinema history?  Classic, however, does not mean current; therefore, this clip should only be viewed for entertainment purposes.

In the final scene of Gone with the Wind, when Rhett Butler (Clark Gable) has finally had all he can stand of his manipulating and frigid wife, Scarlett O’Hara (Vivien Leigh) he decides to leave.  Scarlett chases him to the door imploring him to stay and asking, “Rhett, Rhett, if you go, where shall I go, what shall I do?”  To which Rhett looks her directly in the face and replies, “Frankly my dear, I don’t give a damn!”  he then puts on his hat and walks briskly into the fog.  The End!!!!!

Gone with the Wind. Dir. Victor Fleming.  Perf. Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh. Warner Brothers. 1939. YouTube. Uploaded by on Feb 2, 2010. Web. 7 Dec. 2011.

Chleuasmos in the Film “Scent of a Woman”

December 10, 2011 1 comment

Considered by many as one of the greatest speeches ever delivered in a film, the final oration by Colonel Frank Slade (Al Pacino) in A Scent of a Woman also achieves chleuasmos.

When Charlie Simms (Chris O’Donnell) appears before the Baird School Disciplinary Committee, charged with being a cover-up artist and a liar for not divulging the names of the three boys who vandalized the headmaster’s office, Colonel Frank Slade sits beside him for support.  As the proceedings wind down, the headmaster, Mr. Trask, is about to expel Charlie for not speaking up, rather than discipline the actual boys who have perpetrated the crime.  The movie audience knows that this is because all the other boys involved have parents who contribute money to the school.  Charley, whose parents are not wealthy, becomes a convenient scapegoat.  However, just as Mr. Trask insults Charlie a cover-up artist and a liar, Colonel Frank Slade speaks up.  In his defense of Charlie, Colonel Slade verbally attacks the very foundation of the Baird School and accuses the school of producing the wrong kind of leaders.  He states,

As I came in here, I heard those words: “cradle of leadership. Well, when the

bough breaks, the cradle will fall, and it has fallen here. It has fallen. Makers of

men, creators of leaders. Be careful what kind of leaders you’re producin’ here.

I don’t know if Charlie’s silence here today…is right or wrong; I’m not a judge

or jury.  But I can tell you this: he won’t sell anybody out… to buy his future!

And that, my friends, is called integrity. That’s called courage. Now that’s the stuff

leaders should be made of.

When Colonel Slade finishes his speech, Mr. Trask stands speechless and the student body erupts in applause.  The Disciplinary Committee acquits Charley of all charges related to the matter.

Once again, achieving chleuasmos does more than raise the ante of the insult.  In most cases, to achieve chleuasmos, the person speaking must have the intelligence to attack his challenger at the very core of his argument.  The intelligence or wit of the reply usually causes chleuasmos as opposed to the insult itself.  In “The Scent of a Woman” Colonel Slade’s chleuasmos does more than leave Mr. Trask thoroughly insulted and without replay, it clears Charlie and allows him to continue with his education at the Baird School.–IcPqrLDBA&feature=related

Scent of a Woman. Dir. Martin Brest. Perf. Al Pacino, Chris O’Donnell. Universal Pictures. 1992. YouTube. Uploaded by on May 14, 2011. Web. 7 Dec. 2011.

Enargia Example: Two 9/11 survivors’ stories

December 9, 2011 1 comment

Plot Summary: A reporter interviews a couple who just evacuated the World Trade Center on 9/11.

Enargia is evident in the story given by this couple who left the World Trade Center by their facial expressions, what they said, and especially because of the thick ash of their clothes. The video opens with the couple getting their first bottle of water to rinse their body. They both pour water over their faces and then spit some out of their mouth. This opening scene tugs at the heart of an American audience. Enargia is present when the viewers hear painful coughing, moaning and heavy breathing. Before the couple talks to the reporter, obviously they are feeling pain, exhaustion, relief, and anxiety.

“We saw a shadow that looked like a plane. Then all of a sudden: boom, boom! The ground started shaking, we saw debris falling down.” -Woman

It is clear to the viewer that they just experienced a tradegy before their own eyes. The viewer can imagine this couple anxiously waiting to get off of the stairs. The audience can see them trying to escape the smoke cloud, unable to see anything. When the man coughs, the listener can hear the pain and ash in his chest.   They can feel relief  when the survivors finally make it  down the stairs to the lobby, and then there is an explosion. All relief is gone, and panic and fear set in.

“I thought we could outrun it [smoke cloud] but we couldn’t. It was pitch black. It was like a comet just hit the earth.” -Man

A comet has never hit the earth, but film directors create an ambiguous idea of what it would be like, in movies. Unlike the movies, there was no warning of this impactful, powerful terrorist attack. The viewer can visualize the panic-stricken atmosphere at the World Trade Center. Especially, since the couple was on the eighty-second floor and made it to the lobby via crowded stairs within approximately fifteen minutes, when the second plane hit.

The reporter is fascinated by the amount of ash on the man’s suit, instilling a mental image of the thick smoke cloud and other debris surrounding the couple. Because the interview happened immediately after the couple got to a safe place, their raw emotions were fresh, giving an emotional depiction of their heart-wrenching story.

WABC-Ch. 7. “WTC Tower Witness 9/11 – YouTube.” News Broadcast. YouTube – Broadcast Yourself. WABC-Ch. 7, 5 July 2011. Web. 08 Dec. 2011. <;.

Praesumptio: “Someone like You”

December 8, 2011 2 comments

Vocalist and songwriter Adele performs her hit song “Someone like You” live at the Bit award show in 2011. The lyrics from Adele’s hit song is a great example to  really help explain the term prasumptio. The song was written by the singer herself and was written due to a heartbreaking end of a long-term relationship.

The singer wrote this song based on where she felt her ex-boyfriend would be within years of their breakup, and how she would react to him moving on and settling down. Adele anticipated an imaginary reconciliation with her long time love, but ultimately she knew that he had moved on and had gotten married. Adele still anticipated seeing him and was in fact compelled to show up where he was living just to see if he too believed that it was not over between them. Praesumptio means foreseeing or weighing objectives and anticipation, which is found strongly within lyrics such as:

 “I hate to turn up out of the blue uninvited but I couldn’t stay away, I couldn’t fight it. I had hoped you’d see my face and that you’d be reminded that for me….it isn’t over. Nevermind I’ll find someone like you. I wish nothing but the best for you…too. Don’t forget me, I beg, I remember you said- sometimes it lasts in love, but sometimes it hurts instead.”

From this passage of lyrics, we understand that Adele ultimately realized what would come of showing up at her ex-lover’s door after such a long time had passed-but still she had a bit of hope. Sadly, her hope fell short when she realized a reconciliation beteen the two of them was only imaginary. Still, she held out and even used the word, “beg” in her song, which really displays how vulnerable she felt in this situation. Praesumptio in this song is found within many lyric’s throughout the song, “Someone like You” and really brings the term to life through this emotionally powerful ballad.

You Tube. Adele – Someone like you (OFFICIAL VIDEO LYRICS) HD Live from Brit Awards 2011 . 28 April 2011. 7 December 2011 <;.

Anamnesis and The Dream Academy

December 8, 2011 1 comment

In the case of the music video, “Life  in a Northern  Town,” by The Dream Academy, the use of anamnesis invokes nostalgia. The song was recorded in 1985.  The dampened colors produce a feeling that the film was shot long ago.  The scenes depict imagery such as a drive down a town’s main street, John F. Kennedy’s motorcade, The Beatles in concert, and people dressed in clothing reminiscent of the 1960’s.  Though living in a northern town is not a shared experience between the people who watch the video or listen to the song, the evocation of life during a simpler time creeps into consciousness through experiencing the artifact.  The use of images to convey anamnesis strongly resonates from this example.  We see and hear people cheering during a parade during a time when parades exemplified a sense of community.  We witness a solitary smokestack in the distance and it calls to us as a symbol of hard work and elbow grease, the elements from which all great societies are built.  Gone are the environmental concerns of contemporary society and the very idea of pollution.  We slip into a trance where we are lulled into an age of innocence, far away from the concerns of the present.  Oddly enough, the concept of remembrance does not contain a concrete foundation, but the abstract emotional response demonstrates the profound effect anamnesis has on our lives.

“The Dream Academy Life in A Northern Town Rare 1985 Full HD – YouTube.” YouTube – Broadcast Yourself. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. <;.

Indignatio: Romney and Gingrich – Republican Debate 12 Nov 2011

December 7, 2011 1 comment

In this Republican national debate, candidates naturally addressed potential voters, targeting the current Presidential administration in order to make themselves more viable options in the upcoming election. One of Mr. Romney’s more impassioned uses of indignatio against the current administration comes when he accuses President Obama of not holding America in high enough esteem and relying too much on his own charisma for foreign relations, rather than strengthening the nation.

“We have a president right now who thinks America’s just another nation. America is an exceptional nation. We have a president who thinks that the way to conduct foreign policy is through his personal affects on other people. I’m– I believe the way to conduct foreign policy is with American strength. Everything I do will make America stronger.” – Gov. Romney

This claim strikes to the heart of his audience, the voters he is courting. Typically, these southern, moderate to conservative citizens are highly patriotic, sometimes to a point of jingoism, and to claim that the President doesn’t love the country he is in charge of and to imply that he does not trust its strength or does not want to strengthen it offends them. Creating offended feelings in the rhetor’s audience is a key factor of stoking indignation and turning them away from the rhetor’s target. Throughout the debate, the candidates all agree on uses of indignatio toward President Obama, with the main goal of the rhetoric explicitly enumerated by Mr. Gingrich.

“We’re here tonight talking to the American people about why every single one of us is better than Barack Obama. And that’s the topic.” – Congressman Gingrich

They want their audience to be incensed to the point that they just don’t vote for President Obama. It doesn’t matter to them who gets elected, just as long as it is not Barack Obama. This use of indignatio is exemplary of the negative potential of this rhetorical device, as it seeks to prevent something and only promotes a vague alternative.

The rights of this debate belong to CBS News the official transcript is available here and a full, one-page transcript is available here.