Archive for the ‘enargia’ Category

Enargia Example: President Obama’s Presidential Victory Speech

December 9, 2011 Leave a comment

Plot Summary: Yes we can- timeless creed that sums up the spirit of a people.

Enargia is displayed through President Obama’s victory speech. “Yes we can” was his morale- boosting motto throughout his campaign, and he continued that trend for his victory speech.

A sense of being united among Americans soared as he told Americans to “join the work of remaking this nation…block by block, brick by brick, callused hand by callused hand” because his victory is giving the people and him “the chance for us to make that change.”

The confidence in his voice affirmed he visualized an improved United States over the next four years. The audience felt a personal connection to this idea of togetherness and prosperity when he said:

“So let us summon a new spirit, of patriotism, of responsibility, where each of us resolves to pitch in and work harder, and not only look out for ourselves, but each other.”

The audience can see the peaceful intent Obama wants the entire nation to have. When he mentioned the “block by block” statement, everyone felt like they could participate in this movement. Low income families to Bill Gates  are equally important to this idea, because he said:

“Tonight we have proved once more that the strength of our nation comes not from the might of our arms or the scale of our wealth, but from the enduring power of our ideals: democracy, liberty, opportunity and unyielding hope.”

The audience visualizes an America as a place of prosperity and unlimited opportunities, which is the American dream. The audience may visualize America as being a busy corporation, in the sense that if one person does not do their job, everyone suffers. Moreover, everyone is important, no matter what their rank in authority.

MSNBC. “Barack Obama Victory Speech: Yes We Can – YouTube.” YouTube – Broadcast Yourself. MSNBC, 5 Nov. 2008. Web. 09 Dec. 2011.        <;.



Enargia Example: Two 9/11 survivors’ stories

December 9, 2011 1 comment

Plot Summary: A reporter interviews a couple who just evacuated the World Trade Center on 9/11.

Enargia is evident in the story given by this couple who left the World Trade Center by their facial expressions, what they said, and especially because of the thick ash of their clothes. The video opens with the couple getting their first bottle of water to rinse their body. They both pour water over their faces and then spit some out of their mouth. This opening scene tugs at the heart of an American audience. Enargia is present when the viewers hear painful coughing, moaning and heavy breathing. Before the couple talks to the reporter, obviously they are feeling pain, exhaustion, relief, and anxiety.

“We saw a shadow that looked like a plane. Then all of a sudden: boom, boom! The ground started shaking, we saw debris falling down.” -Woman

It is clear to the viewer that they just experienced a tradegy before their own eyes. The viewer can imagine this couple anxiously waiting to get off of the stairs. The audience can see them trying to escape the smoke cloud, unable to see anything. When the man coughs, the listener can hear the pain and ash in his chest.   They can feel relief  when the survivors finally make it  down the stairs to the lobby, and then there is an explosion. All relief is gone, and panic and fear set in.

“I thought we could outrun it [smoke cloud] but we couldn’t. It was pitch black. It was like a comet just hit the earth.” -Man

A comet has never hit the earth, but film directors create an ambiguous idea of what it would be like, in movies. Unlike the movies, there was no warning of this impactful, powerful terrorist attack. The viewer can visualize the panic-stricken atmosphere at the World Trade Center. Especially, since the couple was on the eighty-second floor and made it to the lobby via crowded stairs within approximately fifteen minutes, when the second plane hit.

The reporter is fascinated by the amount of ash on the man’s suit, instilling a mental image of the thick smoke cloud and other debris surrounding the couple. Because the interview happened immediately after the couple got to a safe place, their raw emotions were fresh, giving an emotional depiction of their heart-wrenching story.

WABC-Ch. 7. “WTC Tower Witness 9/11 – YouTube.” News Broadcast. YouTube – Broadcast Yourself. WABC-Ch. 7, 5 July 2011. Web. 08 Dec. 2011. <;.

Enargia example: Limitless (2011)

December 9, 2011 1 comment

Plot Summary: Limitless (2011) uses special effects and intriguing  scenarios to allow viewers to understand and visualize the effects of NZT, a fictional drug that  allows users to access all of their brain instead of the realistic twenty percent.


Eddie Morra (played by Bradley Cooper), once a depressed writer is now on an NZT-fueled odyssey. Everything Morra has read, heard or seen is instantly organized and available to him.

“A tablet a day, and what I could do with my day was limitless.” -Eddie Morra

“I was blind, but now I see.” -Eddie Morra

Enargia is evident when the audience sees Morra’s attitude in all aspects of his life change in a positive way. He now has motivation to work out, get a haircut, and new wardrobe.  Morra writes a book in four days, becomes fluent in different languages and transforms into a stock market genius. The audience credits NZT for all of these life-changing hurdles. Without enargia, this concept would not be perceived. But with the use of special effects mirroring Morra’s new outlook on life, the evident change, with the help of NZT, is realistically mind-blowing. Things that Morra learned could be learned by any human, but Morra embedded unpresidented motivation and embraced new knowledge and experiences, which allowed him to achieve these things extremely faster than a person that does not take NZT.

In this clip, enargia is achieved as the viewer is in Morra’s mind and body running through the streets of New York City.

It is easy for the audience to visualize Morra’s state of mind. Eddie begins ahead of the viewer as both travel quickly, but then Morra disappears. The viewer is not following him, but becomes him. Viewers are now in the driver’s seat gaining acceleration with each block they pass. No opportunity is given for the viewer to hesitate or look around, because they are going too fast.

Limitless. Dir. Neil Burger. Perf. Bradley Cooper and Robert Di Nero. Rogue, 2011. Film.


Enargia Overview

December 9, 2011 9 comments

Enargia: Overview

According to Lanham, enargia refers to a powerful, vivid description that recreates something or someone, as several theorists say “before your eyes” (Lanham).  Brigham Young University’s Silva Rhetoicae describes enargia as “a generic name for a group of figures aiming at vivid, lively description”  (Burton). Enargia is mentally visualized in  Twilight Series: Breaking Dawn by Stephanie Meyer, when Meyer describes the vivid, excruciating pain of Bella going into labor with the spawn of a vampire into her human body:

Inside me, something had yanked the opposite direction. Ripping. Breaking. Agony. The darkness had taken over, and then washed away to a wave of torture. I couldn’t breath- I had drowned once before, and this was different; it was too hot in my throat. Pieces of me shattering, snapping, slicking apart. More blackness.

Meyer’s use of verbs and adjectives, such as, Ripping. Breaking. Agony. is a powerful description of how it felt to be in labor with a half vampire-half human baby. It supports the idea of Bella’s life being on the line. The text does not say exactly what was ripping and breaking, but readers can infer that her whole body was in extreme pain and agony.

Enargia is not only used in books, but in song lyrics, poems and even in movies reflecting on a time other than the present. All uses of enargia are visual, whether the audience is seeing it “before their eyes”. They can visualize what it is describing with all five senses: sight, hearing, taste, touch and smell. Enargia requires a powerful use of description in all parts of the sentence. Nouns and verbs can be just as descriptive as an adjective or adverb.

Blackness: noun

Ripping: verb

Enargia can achieve a powerful smell, taste, image and much more. The possibilities are endless. Moreover, the perception of the reader depends on how enargia is presented.


Lanham, Richard A. “Enargia.” A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms. 2nd ed. Berkeley: U of California P, 1991. Print.


Burton, Gideon O. “Enargia.” Silva Rhetoricae: The Forest of Rhetoric. Brigham Young University, n.d. Web. 7 Dec 2011. <;.


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